SQL Server 2019 为所有数据工作负载带来了创新的安全性和合规性功能、业界领先的性能、任务关键型可用性和高级分析,现在还支持内置的大数据。

准备工作

系统版本:Centos7.7 ,内存4G(SQL Server内存要求至少2G),硬盘40G,1核CPU

SQL Server版本:SQL Server 2019,下载地址

SQL Server Management Studio 版本:V18.4,安装在windows客户端下载地址,Windows 2008R2(64位)或Windows8.1(64位)以上

关闭SELINUX
[root@localhost ~]# sed -i '/^SELINUX/s/enforcing/disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config && setenforce 0
添加软件源并安装依赖包
[root@localhost ~]# curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/rhel/7/prod.repo -o /etc/yum.repos.d/msprod.repo
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install mssql-tools unixODBC-devel bzip2 gdb libsss_nss_idmap cyrus-sasl cyrus-sasl-gssapi

Centos7.7安装SQL Server 2019Centos7.7安装SQL Server 2019

安装SQL Server2019

下载文章上面提供的SQL Server2019,上传到服务器并安装

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -ivh mssql-server-15.0.4003.23-3.x86_64.rpm
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing...
   1:mssql-server-15.0.4003.23-3      ################################# [100%]

+--------------------------------------------------------------+
Please run 'sudo /opt/mssql/bin/mssql-conf setup'
to complete the setup of Microsoft SQL Server
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
运行初始化配制
[root@localhost ~]# /opt/mssql/bin/mssql-conf setup 
usermod: no changes
Choose an edition of SQL Server:
  1) Evaluation (free, no production use rights, 180-day limit)
  2) Developer (free, no production use rights)
  3) Express (free)
  4) Web (PAID)
  5) Standard (PAID)
  6) Enterprise (PAID) - CPU Core utilization restricted to 20 physical/40 hyperthreaded
  7) Enterprise Core (PAID) - CPU Core utilization up to Operating System Maximum
  8) I bought a license through a retail sales channel and have a product key to enter.

Details about editions can be found at
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=2109348&clcid=0x409

Use of PAID editions of this software requires separate licensing through a
Microsoft Volume Licensing program.
By choosing a PAID edition, you are verifying that you have the appropriate
number of licenses in place to install and run this software.

Enter your edition(1-8): 3 		#这里选择了Express版本 The license terms for this product can be found in
/usr/share/doc/mssql-server or downloaded from:
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=2104294&clcid=0x409

The privacy statement can be viewed at:
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=853010&clcid=0x409

Do you accept the license terms? [Yes/No]:Yes	#输入Yes接受许可条目 Enter the SQL Server system administrator password: #设置SA管理员密码 Confirm the SQL Server system administrator password: 
Configuring SQL Server...

The licensing PID was successfully processed. The new edition is [Express Edition].
ForceFlush is enabled for this instance. 
ForceFlush feature is enabled for log durability.
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mssql-server.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/mssql-server.service.
Setup has completed successfully. SQL Server is now starting.
添加环境变量
[root@localhost ~]# echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin' > /etc/profile.d/mssql.sh 
[root@localhost ~]# source !$
source /etc/profile.d/mssql.sh
防火墙添加服务
[root@localhost ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=mssql 
success
[root@localhost ~]# firewall-cmd --reload
success
命令行工具连接测试
[root@localhost ~]# sqlcmd -S localhost -U sa
Password: # 显示系统数据库 1> select name,database_id from sys.databases;
# 执行
2> go
name                                                                                                                             database_id
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------
master                                                                                                                                     1
tempdb                                                                                                                                     2
model                                                                                                                                      3
msdb                                                                                                                                       4

(4 rows affected) # 查看软件版本 1> SELECT @@VERSION
2> go
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Microsoft SQL Server 2019 (RTM-CU1) (KB4527376) - 15.0.4003.23 (X64) 
	Dec  6 2019 14:53:33 
	Copyright (C) 2019 Microsoft Corporation
	Express Edition (64-bit) on Linux (CentOS Linux 7 (Core))                                                                                                      

(1 rows affected)
1>

Centos7.7安装SQL Server 2019Centos7.7安装SQL Server 2019

在客户端连接数据库

安装上面提供的SSMS管理软件,安装完成之后搜索”ssms”,打开该管理软件
Centos7.7安装SQL Server 2019Centos7.7安装SQL Server 2019
输入服务器地址,身份验证选择“SQL Server身份验证”,输入用户名密码,然后连接。
Centos7.7安装SQL Server 2019Centos7.7安装SQL Server 2019
查看一下SQL Server版本
Centos7.7安装SQL Server 2019Centos7.7安装SQL Server 2019

总结

内存设置为2G的时候,安装SQL Server2019会出现安装失败,提示内存最少为2000M,所以设置不要低于2G内存,安装还是很简单的。

原文地址:https://www.linuxprobe.com/centos7-instal-mssql-2019.html